Ecclesiastical Architectures In The Romanesque And Gothic Period

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Architecture themes are most commonly seen in the different ecclesiastical buildings of the times. These buildings are the most likely to not be destroyed over time, and are made with the finest materials so they are sturdy and prepared for the thousands of people who will walk through them. The cathedrals and churches of 500-1000 AD mark the Byzantine Period, and these buildings are very similar and different to the western ones succeeding it from 1000-1200 AD in the Romanesque and Gothic Periods. From their craftsmanship to their symbolism, both Byzantine and Western Medieval architecture have similarities and differences that helped shape the period.
Byzantine ecclesiastical architecture most often has a large dome near the center before the apse. This dome is usually decorated in mosaics and usually depicts Christ and His apostles. The domes are usually paired with squinches that are also decorated with scenes of the Bible or of Saints. This is very prominent in the Hosios Loukas Katholikon. This building also has marbled columns and piers joined by arches, helping make the small space look bigger. The Katholikon and the Church of the Pammakaristos, another Byzantine building in Istanbul, both have vaulted ceilings adorned with beautiful mosaics also containing religious themes. The apses of the Byzantine period are a main feature of the churches and accent the large center domes. The windows are most often small but offer enough light for the artistry of the interior to
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