In Sophocles, “Oedipus The King” and Ovid’s Metamorphoses: “Myrrha & Cinyras”, both main characters were struck by tragedy. The characters of Oedipus (Oedipus The King) and Myrrha (Metamorphoses: “Myrrha & Cinyras”) each were faced with terrible outcomes at the end of the two pieces of literature. Both Myrrha and Oedipus suffered tragic fates. However, Myrrha’s desire led to her downfall, while Oedipus had no control and was destined for a tragic life before birth.
“Pride leads to every other vice: it is the complete anti-God state of mind.” says the writer C.S lewis. Indeed this is evident in Sophocles’ Oedipus The King. The rather disturbing events that takes place during the play. The pride of Oedipus, the tragic hero of the play, sets off a chain reaction of events that could have been avoided if Oedipus kept his pride in check. However, he can not and his ego inflates to the point his persona can only be described as a mental disorder. Through analyzing Oedipus’ behaviour and his interactions with the other characters in the play, it can be concluded that he suffers from Narcissistic Personality Disorder.
The tale of Achilles is one that is full of bravery and heroics. He is a hero who fights for and is ruled over by no one but himself. All he knows of is war and this is his normal world. Achilles fights so that his name will be remembered and last throughout all the ages. A realization is made that he will eventually die, but his name does not have to. This is Achilles’ call to go and fight against the Trojans, so that his name shall carry on and be remembered. This great war that Achilles fights in was caused by an unfaithful wife by the name of Helen. Achilles transforms from a ruthless, merciless, unloving warrior driven by the notion of having his name remembered to a compassionate warrior who is driven by the love of a woman.
Sophocles’ Oedipus is a dramatic play that deals with tragedy and comedy. Tragedy can awaken humans to the place of grasping hope and growth; Aristotle’s and Sophocles’ display an all-inclusive story of the tragedy of fate. Sophocles’ tragedy is an emotional story of a ruler who kills his father and unwarily takes his mother as his significant other. A tragic hero characterizes one who makes unwise decisions that prompts catastrophe overcome. Due to the prophecy that their new son would kill his father, Laius and, Jocasta, King and Queen of Thebes, gave their infant to a shepherd with orders that he be left on a mountainside to die. The shepherd, however,
Narcissistic Personality Disorder is a mental disorder in which people have an inflated sense of their own importance and a deep need for admiration. Narcissistic Personality Disorder, also known as narcissism, dates back to ancient Greece. The term Narcissism comes from an old Greek myth of a young hunter named Narcissus. He was from the territory of Thespiae in Boeotia who was renowned for his beauty. He was the son of a river god named Cephissus and a nymph named Liriope. He was exceptionally proud, in that he disdained those who loved him. One day Narcissus was walking in the woods when Echo, an Oread, or mountain nymph, saw him, fell deeply in love, and followed him. Narcissus sensed he was being followed and shouted “Who’s there?”. Echo
The most notable is dream, the rhyming word in 2. Rossetti repeats the word in 7 and uses the plural in 13 and 15. In 7 the rhyming word sweet is the third use of the word, a climax of “how sweet, too sweet, too bitter sweet." Concluding the poem, Rossetti repeats breath (16), low (17), and the phrase long ago (18). This special use of repetition justifies the title “Echo,” and it also stresses the major idea that it is only in one’s memory that past experience has reality, even if dreams are no more than echoes.
The comedy, Lysistrata, is based almost entirely around the theme of lust. The story tells of a war among the Greeks. Lysistrata, whose name means "she who dissolves armies," is the wife of one of the soldiers. She, along with the other wives, is sick and tired of her
Antigone is a tragic story of love, death, betrayal, and heartbreak. The tragic hero of the story is Creon, the king of Thebes. Creon was 5th in line for the throne and thought that he´d never make it there. His brother, King Laius, was killed by his son, Oedipus, and Oedipus married his mother and became king. When he found out who he was married to he gouged out his eyeballs and went to live with his daughter, leaving his two sons to take the throne. They shared it for a few years but soon grew greedy for the power. This lead them to kill each other in battle and Creon to take throne. He is a tragic hero because of his errors in judgement, bad actions, and excessive pride.
He started out as a selfish man who could not love, to a dejected man broken down by an extremely deep, unrequited love, to transforming into a lovely flower after his subsequent death. The transformations he underwent left him broken and depressed. Poor Narcissus’ was only able to love a reflection and never be loved by the one he craved most. An article titled “The Narcissus Myth in Spenser’s Poetry” states, “He dies with his eyes fixed on his image and even in the underworld continues to gaze at his reflection in the Stygian pool” (Edwards 64). Thus, not even in death could Narcissus be released from his eternal and oppressive torment. Perhaps this is a befitting end to a man who had broken so many hearts with such careless ease. Overall, “Narcissus and Echo” serves as a great cautionary tale to those who disregard and forsake the feelings of others and teaches its readers to be careful when it comes to
The literature entitled “the narcissism of minor difference” gives an in depth analysis into ethnic nationalism along with many sufficient examples to back up it's position on the argument that ethnic nationalism is not a natural occurrence but rather a societal construct. It provides insight into ethnic nationalisms roots, effects, presence on modern day life and how it has shaped societal interaction for many years. My personal stance on the Ignatieff's analysis of ethnic nationalism is generally of agreement. The idea that the overwhelming pride and exclusivity included in the worldwide demonstration that is ethnic nationalism is socially constructed has more solid evidence to support
Antigone, written by Sophocles, was a Greek Tragedy that told the story of a woman, named Antigone, who defied the king, and suffered the consequences for it. Born into royalty, Antigone was seen as higher than the rest of Thebes, and was important to society. But when her uncle, Creon the king, issued a decree saying that her brother, Polyneices, could not be buried, she went against him. Despite the attempt of her sister to convince her otherwise, Antigone gave her brother a burial, and paid a great price for it. Antigone is the hero of the Greek Tragedy, Antigone, by Sophocles, because she’s important to society, has a tragic flaw which leads her to catastrophe, then causes her downfall.
Narcissus, a hunter from Thespiae, was known for his beauty, but he was also known for his parents river god Cephissus, and nymph Liriope.Nemesis the god, brought Narcissus to a pool of water where he finally saw himself, falling in love with his reflection, until he lost his will to live and died.
Tragedy can either be the darkest part of life for one person or it can be a learning opportunity for the other person. Of all the tragedies written in the literate, “Oedipus the King” written by ‘Sophocles’ is one of the oldest and the most prominent tragedy written till date. It is the story of the king, who is brutally left to die by his own parents, luckily survived, unknowingly killed his own father and married his mother. Although this story was written 2000 years ago, but it still has a great significance in the modern world. Of the most powerful tragedies of the time, “Oedipus the king” discloses such values and situations as parental aggression, child abandonment, self-confidence, ability to handle trauma, and parent-child intimate relationship that people are struggling with in today’s world. Sophocles reveals these behaviours and incidents through the actions of Oedipus.
The construct of narcissism finds its origins in ancient Greece and Ovid’s Metamorphoses, with the proud and vain figure of Narcissus, cursed by the goddess, Nemesis, to fall in love with his own reflection. However, conceptualizations of pathological narcissism did not became a part of psychological theory until the late nineteenth century with Freud’s eminent essay: On Narcissism (Ronningstam, 2005). As Freud theorized on narcissism and, ironically, experimented with cocaine, the formal diagnosis of addiction was precipitously incorporated into the medical literature in response to increasing uncontrolled narcotic use and growing public health concern (Markel, 2012). Perhaps predictably, theorizing on the possible association between narcissism and addiction, particularly in the psychoanalytic tradition, has been addressed by theorists since. The term narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) was first introduced by Heinz Kohut in 1968, and saw inclusion in formal diagnostic literature in 1980 as a part of the significant revisions to personality disorders in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM; American Psychiatric Association, 1980).
Alcestis is a myth that is "the most touching of all the Greek dramas to a modern audience" (Lind 213). It is a tragicomedy by the playwright Euripides and it centers on the king and queen of Thessalia. Admetus, the king, has been fated to die yet, due to his alliance with Apollo, is given the chance to find a replacement. His wife, Alcestis, volunteers for the position claiming that she cannot imagine life without her husband. After Alcestis submits her life, Admetus discovers the pain of loss and even determines that Alcestis is the lucky one in dying.