Econ Final of Question and Answer Over Global Issues

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Corruption is still a major issue around the world. It affects business practices; it can infect all forms of government and knows no economic distinction. Although, most of the time it is a national matter, it usually bears international consequences. Briefly please describe the four forms of corruption and give a global example to each form of corruption.
1.) Petty Corruption is a public and private agent agreeing on exchanging the access to the service for money, a gift, or the promise of a future favor. When a government official requires a small business to pay a bribe or they will shut down there operations. This occurs in many low income countries and makes it difficult for small businesses to compete and in turn costs the nation
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The goals inlude:
1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger - by increasing GDP growth per person and increasing employment rates. Along with decreasing the proportion of people living off less than $1/day.
2. Achieve universal primary education – all children being able to complete a full course of primary schooling, increase enrollment in primary education and the literacy of 15-24 year olds.
3. Promote gender equality – eliminate disparity at all levels, increase share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector, and increase the proportion of seats held by women in national parliament.
4. Reduce the child mortality rates – reduce the under 5 mortality rates by two-thirds, increase children immunizations.
5. Improve maternal health – reduce maternal mortality ration by 3 quarters, and universal access to reproductive healthcare.
6. Combat Diseases – Halt HIV/Aids, universal access to treatments, and halt the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
7. Ensure environmental sustainability – integrate principles of sustainable development, reduce biodiversity loss, and provide safe drinking water along with proper sanitation.
8. Develop a global partnership for development – develop trading and financial systems, address special needs of the least developed countries, deal with the debt problems of developing countries.
Results – There has been a broad reduction in extreme poverty as the proportion of
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