Economic Analysis Of A Human Organ Market

2194 Words Nov 30th, 2014 9 Pages
Economic Analysis of a Human Organ Market Human organs have been transplanted for many years. There are currently 123,940 people waiting for an organ in order to get their transplant. Of that vast number, around 18 people die each day waiting for an organ (“Why Organ, Eye, and Tissue Donation?” n.d.). There has been some issues with human organ transplants whether it is ethical or not. Another view on transplantation is to create a market for organs. With the increasing number of people in search for an organ in order to save their life, the demand for human organs is on the rise. As with any economic and ethical debate there are two viewpoints on this issue. Proponents believe that it will eliminate the black market of human organ sales and would increase the supply of organs for transplants. Opponents believe that a human organ market will increase the price of kidneys and transplants, reduce supply, and cause low-income individuals to not afford transplants. Whether legalization of a human organ market is right or wrong is an ethical question, it can be examined with economic analysis. Up until 1968, common law did not have a clear property right to the human corpse. Therefore, there was no authority to transfer organs or parts of a cadaver for a sale or gift, and there was no way to designate whether your organs could be used for transplants once you passed away. However, in 1968 the Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (UAGA) was established and gave individuals a right to…

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