Economic And Human Development Policies Since Independence

Decent Essays

Comparable to other nations, in Tanzania, education has been entrenched in economic and human development policies since independence in1961. As a result, policy makers continue to treasure the vital role of education in poverty reduction and in the acceleration of social and economic development (URoT, 2011; Wabike, 2014). The urgent need of education in development achievement for instance, persuaded Tanzania to espouse the Universal Primary Education (UPE) policy in1974 promoting education for all children under "Education for Self-Reliance (ESR)” embodied in the 1967 Arusha Declaration. The primary concept of the ESR policy was in fact to uplift the majority of the underprivileged people who lived in the rural areas, with the objective of equipping learners with the knowledge of self-determination (Wedgwood, 2006). Above all the policy emphasized the connection between schools and community, critical thinking, confidence, collaboration and equal participation in the social system (Buchert, 1997), also fostered the navigation from stereotype colonial education. As a matter of a conventional wisdom, ESR specifically was designed for remodeling the national curriculum, aligning it with theory, and practical knowledge, with the intention of improving the lives of students after graduation. Basically, the UPE policy, focused in increasing student enrollment, which in turn increased students in schools from more than double in 1980s (Wedgwood, 2005). Once again, Tanzania

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