Economic And Social Development Efforts Has Benefited Women As Much As They Have Benefited Men Essay

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1.1 Background of the study
There is growing evidence that economic and social development efforts have not benefited women as much as they have benefited men. This has led to the rise of income-generating activities (IGAs) for women in both developed and developing countries. This due to the basic needs approach (BNA) within the dominant concept of women in development (WID) that emerged in the early 1970s. The BNA targeted low-income women for IGAs. It is pertinent to note here that the publication of Ester Boserup’s book Women’s Role in Economic Development in 1970 triggered off the WID movement. Women in aid agencies argued that development programs ignored and excluded women (OECD, 2001).

Under WID, the general assumption was that the neglect of women could be remedied by integrating them into the economy by way of development programs and projects. By so doing, it was and still is expected that women’s situation would improve. The BNA emphasized the reduction of income inequities between men and women (GOK, 2005). It is for this reason that women in Kenya have for quite a long time now been encouraged to undertake businesses. Entrepreneurship is increasingly recognized as an important driver of economic growth, productivity, innovation and employment and it is widely accepted as a key aspect of economic dynamism. Transforming ideas into economic opportunities is the main concept of entrepreneurship. History shows that economic progress has been significantly advanced
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