Economic Comparison of India and China Essay examples

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Economic Comparison of India and China

From April to June 2005, India’s GDP grew at 8.1 per cent, compared with 7.6 per cent in the same period the year before. More impressively, India is achieving this result with just half of China’s level of domestic investment in new factories and equipment, and only 10 per cent of China’s foreign direct investment…

… in 2003 and 2004, [China] was investing close to 50 per cent of its GDP in domestic plant and equipment - roughly equivalent to India’s entire GDP. That is higher than any other country… China’s growth stems from massive accumulation of resources, while India’s growth comes from increasing efficiency…

While India’s stock market has soared in recent years, the opposite has
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In the long run, that’s not going to work without more open competition, creativity and entrepreneurship. India’s hidden strength is that the country is already extremely entrepreneurial - but in the informal sector. An Indian friend mentions that most of the cars we see on the roads, and many computers in the offices, are assembled in small, informal factories, outside the law, to avoid the many regulations and taxes that still curbs the Indian economy. Imagine what the Indians could do if all that energy was legalized.

It is quicker to start a new business in China than in India. If India’s labor laws are better than China’s, it’s only because we’re doing thing in socialism lite.

The Doing Business database ranks China a modest 91st on the overall ease of doing business, with India worse but not dramatically so at 116th… in China it’s quicker to start a business, get goods from factory floor on board a container ship, and register property. But Indians - perhaps surprisingly - seem to have more flexible labour laws and fewer hassles with licences.

In India, about 670 industries are completely reserved for very small companies, which means that the economy lose the benefits of scale, don’t get foreign investments and are unable to compete globally. In 2001, the average Indian clothing company had only 50 machines, compared to 500 in the typical Chinese plant. The same problem
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