Economic: Free Trade and Trade Liberalization Essay

817 WordsOct 19, 20134 Pages
2. Suppose that US market demand and supply for cloth are given, respectively, by the following algebraic equations: P = 8 – ½Q and P = 2 + ¼Q (P is given in dollars and Q in tons). a) Plot the demand and supply schedule for clothe and determine the equilibrium price and quantity for cloth in the US in the absence of [international] trade. P 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 QD 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 QS -- -- 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 b) If the US now allows free trade and P=$2.00 on the world market and we assume no transportation costs, how much cloth will the US consume, produce and import with free trade? When the price is 2, The cloth will be consumed 12 tons, and produced 0…show more content…
The evidence on this is clear. No country in recent decades has achieved economic success, in terms of substantial increases in living standards for its people, without being open to the rest of the world. In contrast, trade opening (along with opening to foreign direct investment) has been an important element in the economic success of East Asia, where the average import tariff has fallen from 30 percent to 10 percent over the past 20 years. Opening up their economies to the global economy has been essential in enabling many developing countries to develop competitive advantages in the manufacture of certain products. In these countries, defined by the World Bank as the "new globalizers," the number of people in absolute poverty declined by over 120 million (14 percent) between 1993 and 1998.1 There is considerable evidence that more outward-oriented countries tend consistently to grow faster than ones that are inward-looking.2 Indeed, one finding is that the benefits of trade liberalization can exceed the costs by more than a factor of 10.3 Countries that have opened their economies in recent years, including India, Vietnam, and Uganda, have experienced faster growth and more poverty reduction.4 On average, those developing countries that lowered tariffs sharply in the 1980s grew more quickly in the 1990s than those that did not.5 Freeing trade frequently benefits the poor
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