Economic, Social, and Political Effects of the Reconstruction Era

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Prompt: What were the long-term economic, social, and political effects of Reconstruction? The United States was challenged with many issues after the Civil War like crop lien work contracts, segregation, and unresolved problems with the seceded states. This period was called Reconstruction.
After the Civil War, African Americans were free but with no place to live in or to work at, they settled with their former ‘masters’. African Americans were technically free, but no one wanted to hire a colored man, so they were put on crop lien work contracts. These contracts allowed African Americans to work and gain a ‘share’ of the harvest. Sounds like a deal right? Wrong. At the end of the harvest a black man would receive his share but the
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But assuming one wasn’t, the Grandfather Clause was established. The Grandfather Clause stated that if your grandfather was able to vote you automatically could too. No African American had a grandfather who voted, they were all still slaves. Because the South kept on segregating African Americans with Black Codes and disenfranchisement, the Civil Rights Act had to be put into action during Reconstruction.
With all the issues the ex-Confederate states were giving the United States government, Lincoln devised the 10% Plan that was later carried out by Johnson, while Radical Republicans created the Civil Rights Act that later helped develop the 14th Amendment. Lincoln’s 10% Plan was to be lenient with the states from the Confederacy who had seceded from the Union. The Plan said that only 10% of the voting population had to take an oath of loyalty to the Union and rewrite state constitutions accepting emancipation. Congress, disliking Lincoln’s plan, wrote the Wade-Davis Bill which stated NO pardons to be given to those ex-Confederate states and that instead of only 10% taking the oath of loyalty, 50% had to. Lincoln’s response was to pocket veto the bill. When Lincoln was assassinated Andrew Johnson became President. Now Johnson was a very troubled man, poor and from Tennessee, he grew up despising the wealthy southern plantation owners and because of this, he set out for

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