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Edgar Snow And Communism

Decent Essays
In June of 1936, a young journalist, Edgar Snow, set out to interview and explore the world of Communist China. The Chinese Communist Party was founded in 1921 in Shanghai and it grew rapidly until 1923, when a two-party alliance was formed with Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Kuomintang. From 1923 onwards, the Kuomintang was reorganized with the help and advice of Russian political advisors. The Communists supported Sun and his aspirations of national independence, but they ultimately hoped to have a proletarian dictatorship. Indeed, the Communists were willing to continue this relationship as long as two main conditions were met: the necessity for an anti-imperialist policy and the need of an internal policy of “anti-feudalism and anti-militarism”. Then,…show more content…
Indeed, we see this support from part one of the text all the way through part twelve. Therefore, it can certainly be argued that the peasant support of the Red Army is what ultimately led to the Communist success in the Chinese Civil War. The Red Army, a group of soldiers under the command of the Communist party in China, is the crucial link between the rural support and the Communists. As Mao discussed in his interview with Snow, “On August 1, 1927, the Twentieth Army under Ho Lung and Yeh T’ing… led the historic Nanchang Uprising, and the beginning of what was to become the Red Army was organized” (Snow 164). He then went on to describe how the Red Army was organized and formed. For example, it consisted of three units: The First Red Army, the Second Red Army, and the Fourth Red Army (Snow 173). The Red Army differed from other military forces. It was not a group of highly trained professionals in uniforms. Though they had a Red Army University, for the most part, the Red Army was a group of volunteer Communists and peasants who had endured a long and arduous journey to get to this point. Many had to abandon families or had to watch their villages destroyed by the Nationalist or Japanese forces. They had all experienced a lot of suffering. Yet, overall, a great deal of the Red Army managed to survive several campaigns against the Nationalist forces and undertook the Long March. The Long March is what this book focuses on most strongly. The Long March was a military retreat to evade the Kuomintang army. It was not one long march, but a series of marches as various units of the army escaped to the North and the West of China. The Long March took the Red Army through the countryside where they were welcomed and respected by the peasants. During an interview, Mao gave his opinion, “The Red Army, through its own struggle, has won its freedom
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