Education Is Not A Right But An Obligation

2014 WordsApr 14, 20159 Pages
The statement “Education is not a right but an obligation” is both correct and incorrect. It’s the right of the child to receive an education but it is an obligation of the State to provide and ensure that every child has access to an equal education. The governing laws, both international and domestic, have made education a right, but the states and parties involved have the duty and responsibility to uphold these treaties and laws, which also makes education an essential obligation. Most governing law, domestic and international, refer to education as a universal right of all persons. Under the UN Declaration of Human Rights 1948, Art 26 “Everyone has the right to education.” Article 2 of Protocol 1 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) states, “No person shall be denied the right to education. In the exercise of any functions which it assumes in relation to education and teaching, the state shall respect the rights of parents to ensure such education and teaching in conformity with their own religious and philosophical convictions.” The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union states “Everyone has the right to education and to have access to vocational and continuing training” and goes even further to include the right to “the possibility to receive free compulsory education”. Finally the International Convention on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights “recognize the right of everyone to education to be generally available and accessible to
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