Education Policy and Racial Inequality as an Act of White Supremacy in the Education System

3434 WordsOct 22, 200614 Pages
Vanquishing new worlds, victors from the West acquired more than just land and subjects—they also gained sumptuous avowal of their creed of superiority, reinforced by the sight of foreign coloured people whom they perceive to be the object of their hegemonic motives. Securing their victory did not cost them more and more artillery. It was only a matter of influencing the ideology of the conquered people—a strategically optimised scheme of maintaining their dominance. The battles and the arm struggles may have ceased or diminished but the war of ideology versus ideology perpetuated. White supremacy, a racist ideology, was the conqueror's secret weapon that struck its victim unwary. It is a system of belief that places the white race above…show more content…
Ideological State Apparatuses: Weapon of Dominance Althusser addressed the role of institutions such as schools, churches, and families in the reproduction of capitalist societies. Since France's utmost interest was the revenue it could generate from the resources and labour of the Ivory Coast, the education system was tailored to train labourers. The education promotes the idea that the French colonial government is benevolent enough to render education to the indigenous Africans—or to "civilise" them with French ways. This strategy ensures that the majority of the African population considers the government and the economic system as legitimate. Functioning predominantly by inculcation of ideology, the ideological state apparatus ascertains the reproduction of labour power and the social relations crucial to maintain dominance, serves as a medium to put into normalcy, or naturalise, the existing status quo. The ideological state apparatus works side-by-side with another type known as the repressive state apparatus. This state apparatus serves to back up in the event that the ideological state apparatus falls short of its goal, and is embodied by the military, prison, and punishment protocols. Althusser argues that the ideological hegemony of the ruling class is, akin to its political dominance, secured through definite institutional forms and practices (Hill, 2005: p. 53). Institutions such as families, churches, and schools
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