Educational Philosophy: Metaphysics, Epistemology, Axiology, and Logic

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a. Describe your own educational philosophy in terms of its metaphysics, epistemology, axiology, and logic I agree with John Dewey, whose values and axiology supported the Left in politics who wanted the U.S. to become a social democracy and move away from more traditional conservative ideas. Dewey had no metaphysics, theology or belief in God, but was a humanist and evolutionist who thought that democratic socialism would be the wave of the future in urban, industrial society, and that the traditional education system was not preparing students to participate as active citizens in this new society. It was rigid, authoritarian and hierarchical, with teachers acting like dictators in the classroom and often dispensing plenty of corporal punishment. In epistemology, Dewey asserted that rather than follow a rigid, old-fashioned curriculum, the teacher had to allow students to participate in designing lessons that were relevant to their lives and experiences. Only this way could the public schools become dynamic and flexible, keeping up with rapid change in society. In logic, Dewey favored teaching students by induction, the Socratic method and asking questions rather than by lecturing, rote memorization and teaching theories divorced from experience (Dewey 1938/1997). Dewey axiology and epistemology emphasized that each individual required different experiences from education, and the only real meaning they would derive from these was the contribution they made to society.

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