Educational Reforms in India

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International Journal of Social Science & Interdisciplinary Research Vol.1 Issue 8, August 2012, ISSN 2277 3630

*Ph.D. Scholar. Assistant Professor in Commerce, D.R.B.C.C.C. Hindu College, Chennai - 600072, Tamil Nadu, India.

ABSTRACT India has emerged as a global leader and a strong nation. Education is the key to the task of nation building as well as to provide requisite knowledge and skills required for sustained growth of the economy and to ensure overall progress. According to the Census Data 2011, India is overpopulated with a population of 121,01,93,422 which means India today is a powerhouse of talent of 121,01,93,422 plus. In order
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India's education system is divided into different levels such as preprimary level, primary level, elementary education, secondary education, undergraduate level and postgraduate level. ACHIEVEMENTS IN EDUCATION SECTOR By the end of the 10th Plan period, National Literacy Mission (NLM) which was launched in 1988, covering the age group 15-35 years), had made 127.45million persons literate, of which, 60% were females, 23% belonged to Scheduled Castes (SCs) and 12% to Scheduled Tribes (STs). It led to an increase of 12.63% in literacy - the highest increase in any decade. Female literacy increased by 14.38%, SC literacy by 17.28% and ST literacy by 17.50%.In a special lecture organized by National Literacy Mission Authority (NLMA), Nobel Laureate Prof. AmartyaSen, emphasized the importance ofliteracy citing examples of developed countries.He said that the lack of proper education is the root cause of many problems in India and hailed the Right to Education as a very important step. ERADICATION OF ILLITERACY Post-independence India inherited a system of education which was characterised by large scale inter and intra-regional imbalances. The country's literacy rate in 1947 was only 14 per cent and female literacy was very badly low at 8 per cent. As per recently concluded census 2011, Literacy rate in India has significantly increased from 18.33% in the year 1951 to 74.04% in the year 2011 (Table No.1). More women literates added in
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