Effect Garcinia Kola on Ovulation

2764 Words Nov 3rd, 2010 12 Pages
EFFECT OF GARCINIA COLA ON OVULATION

A TERM PAPER ON COMMUNITY NUTRITION

PRESENTED TO

DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY HEALTH

BY

AJITE KAYODE .O CLP/ 08/09/EX/MPH/2757

TABLE OF CONTENT

1. ABSTRACT

2. INTRODUCTION

3. LITERATURE REVIEW

4. CONCLUSION

5. REFERENCES

ABSTRACT

Garcinia kola (Bitter Kola) is a specie of flowering plant in the Clusiaceae family. It is found in Benin, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast,
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The seed, Garcinia kola enjoys a folk reputation in Africa as a poison antidote11. In addition, the plant possesses anti-hepatotoxic8,12 antioxidant 13, hypoglycemic10 and aphrodisiac properties 14 Garcinia kola seeds contain biflavonoid (Kolaviron) capable of having anti-inflammatory properties. Constituents of the seed of G. kola include Benzophenones, Garcinia biflavonones (GB-1, GB-2) and kolaflavonon; a pigenin based flavonoids represent 60% of the total flavonoids present in the diethyl ether fraction of G. kola seeds15.

OVULATION
The process of ovulation is controlled by the hypothalamus of the brain and through the release of hormones secreted in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland, (Luteinizing hormone (LH) and Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)3. In the follicular (pre-ovulatory) phase of the menstrual cycle, the ovarian follicle will undergo a series of transformations called cumulus expansion, this is stimulated by the secretion of FSH. After this is done, a hole called the stigma will form in the follicle, and the ovum will leave the follicle through this hole. Ovulation is triggered by a spike in the amount of FSH and LH released from the pituitary gland. During the luteal (post-ovulatory) phase, the ovum will travel through the fallopian tubes toward the uterus. If
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