Effect of Colonialism and Modernization on Old and Traditional Culture

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What effect does colonialism and modernization have on an old and traditional culture? Throughout history the result of new cultures or traditions always created problems for old ones. Sadly, this results in the destruction of the old one. Barbara Kingsolver’s, The Poisonwood Bible, as well as Cormac McCarthy’s, All The Pretty Horses, deals with this issue through its plethora of themes and symbols. The underlying theme of The Poisonwood Bible throughout the novel is the idea that arrogance makes westerners indifferent to how third-world countries are affected by colonialism. The title of the book is, in itself, a demonstration of how the prominently western religion of Christianity and the western culture can cause destruction and pain …show more content…
Her view on life is global, meaning she doesn’t infatuate herself with the lives of individual human beings, but instead places importance in the well-being of the general population. She states that all one has to do when the ants come is to “move out of the way and praise God for the housecleaning” (529). She realizes that fighting the natural order is futile and that “loss and salvation” is what is needed for stability and balance (529). Jimmy Blevins does not realize this so he fights the thunder by “try[ing] to outrun it.”(pg69) Here we can foreshadow that something unexpected will happen to Blevins because his “[hat] rolled in the road.”(pg69) and right after that he loses his horse. The only items a cowboy has as possessions are a hat and a horse. And Blevins has lost both of them, so he is no longer a normal person he is different or in other words he is a person who belongs to the third-world country. As a result we can come to a point that Adah finds fighting nature futile as well as John Grady Cole and Lacey Rawlins find fighting thunder futile. For example, when westerners bring vaccinations for natural diseases into Africa they are only creating another problem: overpopulation from higher survival rates. This in turn causes food shortages and eventually death. In a sense, nature acts as a seesaw; it finds a way to balance out the heavy weight on one side with a weight on the
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