Effect of Colonisation

1701 Words Mar 23rd, 2010 7 Pages
Maori world views were encapsulated in Whakapapa, which provided them with their identity, in Whanau, Hapu, Iwi and Whenua, the land. Their world views also included believing in wairuatanga (spiritual connection to the natural environment), kaitiakitanga, which is that people are linked to all living and non – living things and it is the responsibility of the mankind to safeguard the ecosystem. In addition, they believed in oneness (kotahitanga) and manaakitanga - the ability to care for others (Hikuroa, 2010). According to Durie (as cited in Dew & Davis, 2006) Maori people were able to manage health by sound public health principles. They were able to preserve and store food, maintain clean water supply, have proper sanitation and …show more content…
Another breach in the Treaty was seen when the Tohunga Suppression Act 1907 was passed and outlawed tohunga. Hence Maori lost the freedom to employ traditional methods of healing through karakia, mirimiri (massage), and wai rakau (Maori plant medication) contributing to the destruction of many traditional skills as well as expertise. Several other law enforcement and fragmented governance during the peak of colonisation affected the Maori and was in breach with the Treaty. The main agenda was the assimilation of the Maori with the Pakeha. One such Act was the draconian Town and Country Planning Act 1926, which was used to remove Maori from their traditional settlements to blend with Pakeha culture. The aim of which was to provide the pakeha with enough land to do the farming. Consequently, Maori were forced to leave behind their traditional world in the name of urbanisation causing separation of Maori from Maori. Poor levels of education exacerbated the social situation, like poor housing, unemployment and low income. All these factors are the determinants of health and it was seen that from year 1964 – 1984 there was a continual decline in Maori health. Now Maori represent lower socioeconomic status in all the strata and this will probably predict a greater likelihood of adopting risk – laden lifestyle. Implications to nursing As nurses we represent a powerful largest group of health
Open Document