Effect of HIV Virus on the Immune System

657 Words3 Pages
Diseases Progression: Effect of HIV Virus on the Immune System Name Institution of Affiliation: Diseases Progression: Effect of HIV Virus on the Immune System Human Immunodeficiency Virus, abbreviated as HIV, is a virus responsible for a body condition referred to as Acquired Immunodeficiency Virus (AIDS). AIDS describes a state of the body whereby defense mechanism of the body against all infectious agents malfunctions. There is a gradual but constant loss of the body cells responsible for fighting various infectious agents that may attack the human body. The result of this is the body's inability to fight infection and hence the successive contraction of maladies including tuberculosis. This study seeks to explore the virus itself, its effect on the immune system and probable measure to combat the devastating impacts of the virus. HIV belongs to a group of viruses referred to as retroviruses. Retrovirus is a term that essentially implies the ability of the virus to copy RNA into DNA. In the scientific study of biology, no organism has been discovered so far to possess this unique ability as the HIV. The genetic make-up of this virus comprises of duplicate single stranded RNA. A membrane that has lipids and a variety of membrane-hurdled proteins surrounds the genome. These proteins are responsible for physically binding the virus onto precise protein existing on the periphery of the immune cells also referred to as T-cells. Once the binding has taken place, the
Open Document