Effect of Teamwork on Employee Performance

6031 Words May 16th, 2013 25 Pages
CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0 Introduction
In this era of increased competition, leaders recognize the importance of teamwork more than ever before. Teams can expand the outputs of individuals through collaboration. Employees who are working in teams become the standard for the organization (Alie, Beam & Carey, 1998, Journal of Management Education, 707-719.). It is the means of improving man-power utilization and potentially raising performance of the individual. With a support from upper level management, employees work confidently in teams and increase productivity of the organization. In the new business world, managers are assigning more team projects to employees to enable them strengthen their knowledge and develop their skills
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Conti and Kleiner (2003) reported that teams offer greater participation, challenges and feelings of accomplishment. Organizations with teams will attract and retain the best people. This in turn will create a high performance organization that is flexible, efficient and most importantly, profitable. Profitability is the key factor that will allow organizations to continue to compete successfully in a tough, competitive and global business arena.

2.2 Esprit De corps
Esprit De corps is the feeling and viewpoint that employee holds about the group. Esprit de corps is also known as team spirit in which employee shares their problem with each other within the organization (Jaworski & Kohli, 1993). Team spirit is composed of group members ‟ feelings, beliefs and values”. Additionally, team spirit in the organization is the key to achieve common goal of the team (Boyt, Lusch & Mejza, 2005). Esprit de corps is the key for success in the organization. Another researcher considers esprit de corps as a valuable asset for team members as well as an organization (Homburg, Workman & Jensen, 2002). One research study find out the positive correlation exist between esprit de corps and employee job satisfaction level. Researcher further suggested that increase in team spirit will result in better employee performance (Boyt, Lusch & Naylor, 2001). Most of the employees pursue their individual tasks rather than group (Trimizi & Shahzad, 2009).

2.3 Team Trust
Trust among the
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