Effective Discipline in Classroom Management Essay

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As a teacher managing problem behavior in your classroom can be one of the most challenging tasks. Behavior problems can range from disruption of lessons to acts of violence against fellow students and teachers. Children’s emotional setbacks and life challenges can also contribute to behavior issues at school. A study done by the Justice Center and the Public Policy Research Institute found that six out of ten students suffered from an “emotional disturbance” and were expelled or suspended between seventh and twelfth grade (Firke, 2011). This same study showed that discipline varied greatly between schools. This report also revealed the urgent need for a more thoughtful technique in school discipline policies. In many cases teachers …show more content…
Punishment and negative reinforcement can be effective, to stop the problem behavior up front. Yet in the long run positive reinforcement of good behaviors is a more effective way to teach children alternative and more functional behaviors. Behavior theory is based on the belief that all human behavior is learned. Behavior theory states that behavior followed by pleasant consequences tends to be repeated, and thereby learned (Bently). Instead of focusing on punishment of negative behavior, teachers could take this approach and focus on positive behavior. For example, if a teacher is having problems with a kid tipping in his chair, she could take one of two approaches. She could give the child a bad mark every time the legs of his chair leave the ground or she could give the child a good mark every time his chair legs stay on the ground. Either approach could work, yet focusing on positive reinforcement like that described by the Behavior Modification Theory, will increase the chances of future positive behavior. Behavior modification techniques aim to manipulate the antecedents and consequences of behavior so that the likelihood of appropriate behavior is increased and inappropriate behavior is decreased (Smith). Examples of behavior modification which can be used to increase behavior are: praise and approval, modeling, positive programming,