Effective Educational Practices

2275 Words10 Pages
Due to the very nature of educators all across this nation being in an age where accountability is the driving force behind educational systems, leaders must look at changing the way they do things by doing educational research to meet the standards of No Child Left Behind (NCLB). According to Lodico, Spaulding, & Voeglte (2010), meeting NCLB requirements makes knowledge of educational research an essential component of professional preparation for all educators (p2). In order for educational discrepancies to be corrected, educators must develop and deepen their skill set about the research approaches that can be used to bring reliability and validity to any program being utilized by our educational systems. Everyone must become aware of…show more content…
In the scientific realism, quantitative research techniques are used because the researcher is working to establish a cause-and-effect relationship using questionnaires, observations, and test which all produce numerical data. Scientific realist thinks that they can accurately capture effective research through a real social and psychological world (Lodico, Spaulding, Voegtle, 2010). While social constructivism uses qualitative research to challenge others to understand social phenomena as a whole from a context specific perspective and that the only way to achieve this goal is to become involved with the participants of the study. This requires that the type of data collected must bring the researcher in contact with the participants and it can be done through interviews, videos, or in-depth observations (Lodico, Spaulding, Voegtle, 2010). Researchers who take on an advocacy/liberatory believe political, economic, and social context are key, and its focus is through liberation and deepening of an individual’s skill set. Advocacy –liberatory is brought on by postmodernism because they believe in small communities and how it can make a better life for those in the community (Long, 2012). An advocacy- liberatory fall in line with that of action research and includes qualitative methods, and this research is inductive and serves as a catalyst for change (Long, 2012). Unlike the other framework or approaches, pragmatism has
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