Effective Supervision Probation : How Effective Is It?

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Tiffany Thomas
Seminar in Criminal Justice
Term Paper
Due November 24, 2015
Intensive Supervision Probation: How effective is it?

Due to the increase of correctional populations that continue to exceed its’ capacity, correctional alternatives were created. Correctional alternatives were to alleviate both prison crowding and the threat to public safety posed by serious offenders (Flores, Holsinger, Latessa, Lowenkamp, & Makarios, 2010). Rehabilitation in the 1970s was a variable correctional goal however by the 1980s intermediate sanctions developed . Intermediate sanctions consist of house arrest, electronic monitoring, boot camps, day reporting centers, intensive supervision probation or parole, community service, fines, and curfews (Tonry, 1990). These sanctions offer community based punishments that focus on deterrence, incapacitation, and retribution (Tonry, 1990).
The most common intermediate sanction created to divert offenders from the correctional system is Intensive Supervision Probation also known as ISP. Although ISPs originally sought out to provide an alternative to the correctional system, ISPs were also meant to maintain a high degree of control and surveillance in the community (Fulton, Latessa, Stichman, & Travis, 1997). Intensive supervision probation was implemented in the 1950s. The original idea was for officers to have smaller caseloads so that offenders could be monitored more closely however, in the 1970s probation departments experienced
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