Effectiveness And Sources Of Risk Of Viral Control And Prevention Through Wastewater Treatment From Reservoirs And Human Waste

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Assessing the effectiveness and sources of risk of viral control and prevention through wastewater treatment from reservoirs and human waste. Introduction
Viruses are produce from infected individuals are spread through excretion into the waste water system, leading to spread in wastewater. (Hewit et al. 2011) Viruses are responsible for the majority of known drinking water outbreaks. (Blackburn et al. 2004; Liang et al. 2006; Yoder et al. 2008). Good treatment for wastewater needs to be done in order to prevent the spread of these viruses in order to minimize risks of epidemics. (Hewit et al. 2007) Furthermore, the risk for human health also depends on the virus being spread. This is because, different viruses display varying levels
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The concern is focused on the risks associated with its recreational purposes and risks associated with waste water and the spread of zoonotic diseases. (Phelps et al. 2014;Yamamoto et al. 2010.). For example, there has being avian flu outbreaks that were associated with nearby waterfowl habitats contaminating the water with faeces. (Halvorson et al. 1989; Karunakaran et al. 1983). Furthermore outbreaks of avian flu in reservoirs have been seen to spread through open water from fields spreading into nearby water sources. (Hinshaw et al. 1979; Markwell and shortridge 1982) Also it has been considered a risk from carcasses of dead birds spreading the virus in the water sources, however it has been considered to be unlikely that there will be a spread of H5N1 through this route. (Stallknecht et al. 2006) In order to detect risks such as this real-time PCR is used to detect the levels of the virus in water. (Yamamoto et al. 2010) From detection of the virus risk management becomes another essential factor in mitigating the spread of contaminated recreational water. )
Unfortunately, regular monitoring for the introduction of new viruses entering the water, such as Hemorrhagic Septicemia Virus (HSV) is not considered feasible. Furthermore, prohibiting the usage of lakes used for recreational and business purposes typically makes it harder to prevent the use of recreational water. This results in an
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