Effectiveness Of Models Of Health

1647 WordsAug 15, 20167 Pages
Effectiveness of Models of Health in relation to Smoking-related Conditions Models of health include biomedical model and social models. ¬¬¬Firstly, this essay explains why as patterns of illness change over the last 150 years, social models are more relevant than biomedical model in helping us understand causes of ill health. Secondly, it discusses how social models like Biopsychosocial and Dhalgren and Whitehead’s model are effective, to a certain extent, in explaining current trends in significant health issues like smoking-related conditions in developed countries. Biomedical model focuses on biological causes of diseases (Browne, 2005). Illnesses are caused by bacteria, viruses, injuries, and are objectively diagnosed at a cellular level and treated using medicinal procedures (Cockerham, 2007). As the dominant healthcare model in mid-20th century, it allowed for significant advances in medicine (Borrell-Carrio,Suchman & Epstein, 2004). However, it has a narrow reductionist focus. It does not consider psychosocial context of health (Borrell-Carrio, et al., 2004). Social models, like biopsychosocial and Whitehead and Dahlgren’s model focus on broader determinants of health (Browne, 2005). Unlike biomedical model, they consider social dimensions of health (Engel, 1977). Social factors, like, socioeconomic status, lifestyles, living conditions are considered as distal factors of ill health (Cockerham, 2007). Over the last 150 years, there is an epidemiological transition
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