Effectiveness of the Individual Explanation in Comparison to Social Explanation of Crime

937 WordsFeb 4, 20184 Pages
In critically examining the effectiveness of the individual explanation in comparison to social explanation of crimes, I will draw upon the theory of positivism and strain. There are controversies in which evaluation is the most effective. Unquestionably, both standpoints do have it limitations and strength, I will draw upon case examples and researches of both views in order to critically assess both effectiveness in explaining the occurrence of crimes. Individual explanation of crime is an approach ought to convey that criminal behavior is solely dependent on individual rather than the environment of the individual. Positivism is one of the main theories in individual explanation of crime. The theory established the first major opportunity to disregard crime as a matter of individual choice. As it seeks to interpret crimes occur due to different forces and factor outside one’s determination. The two main approaches in Positivism is biological and psychological approach. Where it seeks to give an account to how one’s individuality is connected to certain psychological and biological factor that influence people toward criminal behavior. In contrast, social explanation of criminal behavior focuses on an understanding that such behavior is shape through social processes and structures. Strain theory is one of the pre-dominant sociological explanations of criminal behavior. The theory conceives that crime is cause through the behavior that has been evoked by the

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