Effects Of Alcohol And Nicotine On Drugs

1589 Words Dec 7th, 2014 7 Pages
Introduction
Smoking and alcohol are often used together. The use of these drugs gives a sense of relief of stress and euphoria due to their effects on neurotransmitters. Though the initial use of these drugs ranges from self-medication to peer pressure, excessive use of these drugs can lead to dependence of both drugs. Drug dependence may be connected to the effects of the drugs’ tolerance, withdrawal symptoms and sensitization of the drug (Little 2000).
The American Lung Association reports that an unlit cigarette contains about 600 ingredients. One the cigarette is lit, more chemicals are released. Nicotine is the major ingredient in tobacco products which contributes to dependence. Once absorbed, nicotine travels to the adrenal glands via the blood stream which results in the release of epinephrine. Epinephrine in turn stimulates the central nervous system, causing an increase of blood pressure, heart rate and respiration (National Institute on drug abuse). In addition to altering the levels of epinephrine, nicotine also affects dopamine levels.
Behavioral effects of alcohol and nicotine are dependent on the dose that is taken (Little, 2000). For nicotine, low doses improve concentration while in high doses, reduces an individual 's attention span as well as onset of other suppressant traits. High doses of alcohol result in intoxication while low doses illicit poor motor skill and reduces concentration
Interactions of simultaneous use of ethanol and Smoking
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