Effects Of Alcohol Exposure On Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

1303 Words Oct 15th, 2015 6 Pages
Introduction
The fastest sperm has finally reached the outskirts of the awaiting egg, its sole purpose in life has been fulfilled as it fuses with the oocyte. Lots of divisions begin to occur, what was once a zygote becomes a blastocyst, which becomes the embryo, and the beginning formation of a baby has commenced. The difficult part is over now, right? This could not be further from the truth. The development of a human, from fertilization to birth, is a very complex and intricate process. It is through very specific processes that an embryo develops normally, without any sort of functional or structural irregularities. When harmful substances like alcohol interrupt these processes, the contaminated environment surrounding and infiltrating the embryo’s developing body makes it difficult for development to continue as planned. As a result, abnormalities are often a characteristic of such conditions. The following paper will discuss the effect of maternally consumed alcohol on an embryo, as well as the resulting disorder from alcohol exposure: fetal alcohol syndrome.
Prenatal alcohol effects
Alcohol is classified as a teratogen.1 A teratogen is any agent or factor that can cause abnormal development or malformation of an embryo. This malformation can be expressed in physical, neurological, and/or behavioral systems, structures, and processes.1
Physical changes in an individual who was exposed to alcohol prenatally include those of facial characteristics and impedance of…
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