Effects Of Alcohol On Social Behavior

1693 Words Nov 4th, 2014 7 Pages
The presence of alcoholic beverages seems ubiquitous today, and it has been that way for thousands of years. Nowadays, it can be found at sporting events, social gatherings, with meals, and in many other environments. Alcohol is a psychoactive drug (it alters mood and potentially consciousness) and is specifically classified as a depressant. Depressant drugs slow down the nervous system and physiological functioning while promoting a relaxing, drowsy feeling. In the case of alcohol, these aforementioned effects typically arise when heavy doses of the drug are consumed. In low to moderate doses, however, the opposite happens. The alcohol has a mood-elevating effect, along with many other physical and social symptoms that are associated with it. This essay will discuss some of the effects that alcohol has on social behavior. First, the mechanism of action alcohol has on the brain will be explained, followed by paragraphs that discuss how moderate amounts of alcohol influence social behavior, sexual behavior, and driving ability. The fundamental basis for how alcohol effects the body starts at the neuronal level. A neuron is another name for nerve cell. The human brain contains trillions of these nerve cells, which transmit information to and from each other, and subsequently to the rest of the body. Neurons have dendrites, which contain receptors that receive chemical messages from other nerve cells. These receptors are influenced by chemicals called neurotransmitters, which…
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