Effects Of Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder

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Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Siddharth Sharma
Taylor Business Institute
College Readiness
Professor Steven Burke
November 28th, 2017

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in The United States
According to American Psychiatric Association, Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder showing a persistent pattern of inattention or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with the individual’s development or daily functioning (Fostick, 2017). Its symptoms manifest in behaviors such as failure to pay close attention to details, difficulty organizing tasks and activities, excessive talking and fidgeting, or an inability to remain seated in appropriate situations (Fostick, 2017).
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For the present report, it was not possible to discern whether growing prevalence indicates a true change in prevalence or increased detection and diagnosis of ADHD (Pelham, Foster & Robb. 2007). Nevertheless, the societal costs of ADHD—including those associated with medical, educational, and criminal justice resources— are large (Pelham, Foster & Robb. 2007).
Based on DSM-IV testing of 11,422 adults for ADHD in 10 countries in the Americas, Europe, and the Middle East, the estimates of worldwide adults ADHD prevalence average 3.4% (Fayyad et al. 2007).
United States
Children and Adolescents
Examination of parent-reported data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) 2011-2013 found the following (pastor et al. 2015):
• 9.5% of children of ages 4-17 years were ever diagnosed with ADHD o 2.7% of children ages 4-5 o 9.5 % of children ages 6-11 o 11.8% of children ages 12-17
• By gender: o 13.3% of boys o 5.6% of girls
• By race/ethnicity: o 11.5% non-Hispanic white children o 8.9% non-Hispanic black children o 6.3% Hispanic children
The same study found the rate of ADHD detects increased from 7.0% in 1997-1999 to 10.2% in 2012-2014. During this stint, occurrence increased among non-Hispanic white children from 8.5% to 12.5 %, among non-Hispanic black children from 5.5% to 9.6%, and among Hispanic children from 3.8% to 6.4% (pastor et al. 2015).
The Research of European Child and Adolescent
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