Effects Of Cancer On Australia 's Health

2650 Words11 Pages
Part A

In Australia, Cancer is acknowledged as a priority issue that needs improving for Australia’s overall health. In 2004, cancer accounted for 28% of all deaths in Australia, 33.3% were males and 25.9% were females. A trend that has occurred between 1991 and 2011 gives Australia’s health, relating to cancer, hope that cancer deaths will continually be declining due to many factors. The trend is, the number of deaths between 1991 and 2011, had majorly declined by 17% and still to today the numbers are declining. Cancer mortality rates could be reduced by changes to lifestyle, for example, no smoking and eating balanced diet. The most common cancers in Australia are non-melanoma skin cancers, which are often self detected and usually
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These new cases of cancer that are arising are one of the many reasons as to why cancer is included as a priority issue for improving Australia’s health.

Due to extensive research on the extent of the problem and how to prevent cancer, greater detection is now available and accessible. For example, mammograms (screening), regular check ups that aren’t paid for on the spot and easy readily products such as sunscreen and hats. Also, awareness for all types of cancers has increased, such as campaigns, advertisements and organisations which has enabled and empowered individuals to more frequent visits to GP’s, for example, Relay for Life, Cancer Council, smoking advertisements and Jane Mcgrath foundation. The problem still with new cases of cancer arising, 1 in 3 males and 1 in 4 males will get cancer by the time they reach the age of 85 years old. Although there is better detection and campaigns, cancer is still a major problem within Australia and it needs to be included as a priority health issue to be able to improve Australia’s health.

The most common cancers that have ended in death are, lung, bowel, prostate (males), breast (females) and pancreatic cancers. These cancers are the most common within the older population due to the time when they were young, their wasn’t any or many knowledge about cancer and how to prevent cancers. For example, 50% of lifetime exposure happens in early life and the skin cancer
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