Effects Of Corporal Punishment On Children 's Outcomes

2729 Words Dec 9th, 2014 11 Pages
Before discussing the effects of corporal punishment (CP) on children’s outcomes a distinction between CP and physical abuse (PA) must be established. Corporal punishment refers to behaviours that should not result in “significant injury” (Gershof, 2002). Straus, (1994) defines CP as “the use of physical force with the intention of causing a child to experience pain but not injury for the purposes of correction or control of the child’s behaviour”. Whereas, physical punishment, intentional behaviour or over-discipline that increases the chance of or leads to the infliction of injury can be classed as PA (Gershof, 2002; NCCNI (2000)
The use of corporal punishment has been a principal component of parental discipline throughout history (Greven, 1991), it has also been the focus of debate within psychological research for a substantial amount of time (Caselles & Milner, 2000, Glueck & Glueck, 1950, Sears, 1961).
In most settings in the Western world, including the U.K and U.S.A, CP is not permitted as a sanction in social care settings or educational settings (schools) (Bitensky, 2006). However, in contrast to this, CP is allowed in the family home. This is due to an upstanding societal principle that it is a “parents’ right to discipline” as they see fit (Knox, 2010). This is evident in the statistic that in the US 94% of parents admitted to using CP to discipline their child by the age of 3 or 4 (Straus & Stewart, 1999). However, there is a growing consensus that CP is not…
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