Effects Of Dash Diet On African Americans Essay

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EFFECTS OF DASH DIET ON AFRICAN AMERICAN HYPERTENSIVE ADULTS
INTRODUCTION
Hypertension (HTN) is a chronic cardiovascular condition that is characterized by high blood pressure. The blood pressure commonly abbreviated as BP is a measure of the force exerted on the blood vessels as the blood passes through them. The amount of blood pumped and the narrowness of ones’ vessels are directly proportional to the blood pressure (Mayoclinic staff, 2014). Hypertension affects 1 in every 3 adults in the United States. In addition, 25% of the adults have prehypertension (Whitt-Glover et al., 2013). The disease can go undetected for years until a stroke or any other cardiovascular related emergency occurs. This is because undetected and/or untreated HTN causes damage to blood vessels and other essential body organs like the kidney. There are two types of hypertension depending on the etiology; primary and secondary hypertension. Primary hypertension is as a result of idiopathic causes and develops gradually for many years. It is therefore associated with the adults. The most probable causes of primary HTN are poor lifestyle choices like poor diet, stress, obesity and sedentary life styles (Mayoclinic staff, 2014). The other type –secondary hypertension- is caused by underlying known diseases. The most common diseases which cause this type of high blood pressure are associated with the endocrine system (Mayoclinic staff, 2014). As explained earlier, poor or unhealthy dietary intake is
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