Effects Of Drought And Advancing Desertification

910 Words Oct 13th, 2016 4 Pages
Of Morocco’s 446,550 square kilometers, around 18% of the land is arable which is widely used for agriculture because of the fertile soil. The climate of Morocco is subtropical and moderate, despite interior parts of the country having harsh dessert climate with variable extremes in temperature. Natural resources in Morocco include phosphate, barite, cobalt, fluorspar and lead. Due to the country’s fertile land, agricultural products also play a key role in the economy. This includes tomatoes, mandarins/clementines/tangerines, oranges and olives. Morocco also exports consumer goods such as textiles and leather goods with reflects on an abundance of livestock such as cattle and sheep (for wool). ("Economy & Industry.”) Drought and advancing desertification is one impact of climate change which is often widely felt in Morocco along with other countries in Northwest Africa. This is especially damaging to the agricultural industry in Morocco. The most apparent changes stemming from climate change are increasing temperatures and reduced rainfall. Increasing population has put pressure on the slow growing agricultural industry which is having trouble meeting the demands of the county’s population. With about 3,400 kilometers of coastlines, Morocco is also vulnerable to sea level rise and most of it’s economic activity occurs near the coast. This shows that climate change is a real threat to agriculture, fishing, water supplies, tourism and the unique ecosystems of the country.…
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