Several contemporary historians have concluded that Dutch imperialism 'was of an accidental...variety and displayed a more 'informal character' than the combative imperial adventures into pristine territory of other European nations in the late nineteenth century'. Dutch imperialism was mainly motivated by commercial interests, and the colonies that it did hold were formed with an economical mindset. The Dutch empire was formed from its political control in the Netherlands and through the efficiency of the Dutch East India Company. Furthermore the Dutch were invested in a protracted war against Spain in order to maintain their independence. Finally, the Dutch Netherlands were not only the commercial centre of Europe but also held a part in
Enslaved, starved, drained, and murdered. These were the conditions that the citizens of Indonesia had endured while being forcefully colonized by the Dutch East India Trading Company. The Dutch along with other European countries began the forced colonization around the world. Dutch and British East India Trading Companies were the most powerful; however, they differed from each other greatly. While the British were slow and gradual during their takeover of India, the Dutch heavily contrasted with that by rapidly wiping out and conquering the Islands of Indonesia with much tyranny and bloodshed. The Dutch Colonization possessed massive injustice against Indonesian people and greatly harmed them in two major ways, exploitation and violence.
A. Cotton B. Sugarcane C. Indigo D. Maize 5. Which of the following was Australia B. New Zealand C. Hawai`i D. Tahiti 21. In their attempt to control the spice trade in the Indian Ocean, the Europeans during the period between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries
During particular time periods whichever product rose to popularity, whether it be cotton, rum, tobacco, or sugar, became the means of buying and selling or trading. Two major products that the people of the “new world” depended on during the early colonial times were tobacco and sugar. Both Virginia and the Caribbean were able to be successful and bloom due to these two major products. Virginia and the Caribbean had many similarities as well as differences on how they changed economically and socially due to tobacco and sugar plantations.
In the 17th Century, the Dutch (the Netherlands) became a power. Golden Age. It fought 3 great Anglo-Dutch naval battles. The Dutch Republic became a leading colonial power, with by far its greatest activity in the East Indies.
In the beginning of the 19th century the British began to trade opium, an illegal drug, for tea with China which caused, “...the first Opium War...which resulted in a Chinese defeat and the expansion of British trading privileges...”This discrepancy in the trading relationship between the Chinese and the British caused China’s to forfeit their trading territory to the British. The outcome of the Opium War was a setback for the Chinese. Places where the Chinese previously conducted business was no longer available. Economical wars were not uncommon: “During the mercantilist period…a military...would deter attacks by other countries and aid its own territorial expansion.” The focus of many governments became to protect their economy by constantly gaining more territory to increase business. The change of China’s trade routes could have negatively affected the economy. If the Chinese economy were to weaken it could affect the economies of other countries that China interacted with. The Columbian Exchange, a network of trade routes throughout the world, caused the environment to change as, “ ...Old World crops such as wheat, barley, rice, and turnips...raveled west across the Atlantic, and New World crops...traveled east to Europe.” The exchanging of crops between the New World and the Old World, two different geographical areas,
As the English neglected mid-atlantic area the Dutch and Swedes were able to create their own colonies of New Netherland and New Sweden. As the crown made many royal charters to establish Proprietary colonies slowly England began to convert some of its colonies into royal colonies. This took a long time to recognize less profitable colonies such as New England which was very against becoming a royal colony. To try and impress the New English, England conquered New Netherland showing its intimidating power. Although small the New Netherland colony was very remarkable showing Dutch power. Netherlands the home of the Dutch was very big into policies of religious toleration and intellectual freedom. These ideas with the economic ambition of the Dutch turned the Netherlands into an economic giant.
As stated in Paul Freedman’s, Out of the East: Spices and the Medieval Imagination, “The passion for spices underlies the beginning of the European colonial enterprise, a force that remade the demography, politics, culture, economy, and ecology of the entire globe” (Freedman 3). By the mid- fifteenth century, the Silk
The combination of Mercantilist ideals and joint stock companies fueled intense Colonial competition between European nations, and these competitions decided who stayed in power. One specific nation that was constantly in competition with the English were the Dutch. They fought over similar colonies including those in North America and the Caribbean. In 1652, a Dutch letter wrote about all the money that the Dutch had put into securing an island in the Caribbean, but more importantly how there were “Great swelling words abound, so that the scene is altered and nothing thought of but domineering over England”. All the Dutch thought about were ways to beat England and become more profitable than they were. They know that the country with more
In the beginning of the 18th century, the British government’s administration of this system had been lenient. The Sugar Act of 1764 was the first attempt to regain control over colonial trade, which had been neglected. This act halved the
The Dutch may have very well looked for spices in Portuguese land as a form of retribution for embargoing the Dutch. The Dutch may have also looked in Portuguese land because they thought it was not as well as defended or it had easier shipping routes. All three of these reasons were the potential thought process going through minds of the Dutch rulers at the time. Nearly seven years after the Spanish had embargoed trade between the Dutch and the Portuguese, Steven van der Hagen conquered the fortress Victoria at Amboyna. This fortress had previously been a trade center for the Portuguese spice trade, but after it was captured by Steven van der Hagen in 1605, the spice trade once again resumed. Once the Dutch had captured fort Victoria, they began to attempt to set up a local monopsony. To set up a monopsony, all trade competitors had to be removed and there could only be one buyer for all of the spice sellers. It was quite evident when the Dutch East India Company captured the fort that setting up a monopsony would be quite difficult especially when considering other major competitors such as the East India Company. The only way this would be possible was by force which is where the rift and future rivalry began between the two companies. At this same very time the East India Company had just been formed in 1600 after multiple
Internal Scene in Indonesia Indonesia is the largest country in South East Asia and the third most populous in the world. Indonesia’s geographic proximity to Australia makes its bilateral relationship with Australia an important one for both
Colonialism has been viewed and interpreted from multiple perspectives. Both the coloniser and the colonised are said to have benefitted therefrom. While on the one hand it is considered abject exploitation by the coloniser to fill his coffers, on the other, the routine by-products of colonisation were of absolute benefit to the colonised. The four century long period of colonisation that gripped the world is one of the most oft debated and scrutinized periods of human history. In the period beginning sixteenth century AD, trade and commerce through the sea route became a means of expanding markets in many countries. Great Britain, France, Belgium and Portugal were amongst the pioneers in taking their wares to countries far away, like Africa and Asia. One early form of colonialism that was thrust upon the colonised country was economic exploitation.
There is an extensive history empirical power, repeatedly and successfully controlling another state or group of people in order to exploit it economically. In Southeast Asia there were 5 colonial powers; the United Kingdom, France, Dutch, America, and Japan, their primary motives for establishing colonies in the region was to get control of trade routes, to get access to the natural resources and raw materials, and the cheap labor, as well as to establish naval and military bases so that they could amass influence in the region. Prior to World War II, a third of the world 's area was colonized by European colonial powers between the 15th and 19th centuries, and another third of the world 's population were in colonies, dependencies, protectorates, or dominions. In this essay, I will focus on the British and French colonization in Southeast Asia. The British-controlled Burma, most of the Malayan peninsula, and Singapore, which was a strategic port and later became a naval base for the British. Meanwhile, the French controlled the adjoining countries of Vietnamese, Cambodia, and Laos, collectively known as French Indochina. This period of colonization in Southeast Asia brought many changes to the regions society, politics, and the economy. For instance, both colonial powers introduced political changes such as introducing a centralized form of government and changes to the justice systems in many of the colonized countries. There were also social impacts resulting from the
Dutch Trading in Indonesia The nation of Indonesia has barely had independence for less than a hundred years. Before the Japanese captured the country; Indonesia was in the control of the Dutch for 350 years. Indonesia did not receive its independence till December 1949. Why did the Dutch decide to settle