Effects Of Exercise Behaviors And Body Image And Eating Disorder Development

1742 Words Apr 26th, 2016 7 Pages
Introduction Wellness requires a balance between mental health and physical health. Researching the effect between exercise behaviors and physical self-esteem on eating behaviors looks at one facet of this relationship. Exercise behaviors that will be looked at will take into account intensity of exercise, exercise frequency, and motivations for exercise. Self-esteem is multifaceted, but focusing on physical self-esteem pinpoints the physical appearance factors. Eating behaviors will be defined as the presence of significant eating disorder symptomology further detailed in the methods section. Eating disorder categories covered are anorexia nervosa, bulimia, and orthorexia. For the purpose of this study binge eating disorder (BED) will not be its own category due to limited validation of instruments within this specific population.
The literature thus far has provided evidence for a connection between exercise motivation and body image, and between body image and eating disorder development. Research suggests that exercise is associated with an improved body image (Homan & Tylka, 2014). Contrastingly, individuals seeking treatment for eating disorders reported higher frequency of exercise. This suggests that there must be another aspect of exercise behavior other than frequency that plays a role in mental health. Later studies aim to pinpoint exercise motivation as the factor most closely associated with body image (Lowery et al., 2005). Exercise motivation is a spectrum…

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