Effects Of Maltreatment On Children And Children

2057 Words Jul 8th, 2016 9 Pages
Every year, within Australia, the number of children who are removed from the care of their parents and placed into government regulated care continues to grow significantly. For these children, maltreatment (or the risk of maltreatment), in the form of abuse or neglect within the family home result in the need for them to be relocated to alternative care arrangements, more commonly referred to as out-of-home care (OOHC). The research which investigates the effects of maltreatment on children, conclusively shows that experiencing trauma and/or neglect during childhood can result in considerable physiological and psychological effects on development across multiple key domains, such as cognitive, social-emotional, academic, and language (Perry, 2002; Perry, 2009; CFCA, 2014). More specifically, the literature surrounding the speech and language development of children who have suffered maltreatment demonstrates that these children are at an increased risk of developing communication delays than non-maltreated children (Arora, Kaltner, & Williams, 2014). Figures indicate that the prevalence of speech and/or language delays to be between 20-45% of children who have suffered maltreatment (Chambers, Saunders, New, Williams, & Stachurska, 2010; Nathanson & Tzioumi, 2007), compared with 5.95% of the wider child population (Law, Boyle, Harris, Harkness, & Nye, 2000). Considering the significantly high prevalence of communication difficulties exhibited by maltreated children, it…
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