Effects Of Maternal Separation On Children 's Development

1397 Words6 Pages
The bond that a child and their parents or caregivers form plays a vital role in the child’s life. Studies were performed by John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth to observe the effects that maternal separation had on the child’s development. The hypothesis they formed based off their observations became known as the attachment theory. The attachment theory came about on the core principle that “children brought up with consistent, loving parents or significant, reliable caregivers can develop a foundation of trust and attachment and can grow up to be well-adjusted adults who are capable of forming trusting and loving relationships.” (Bigner, 2014, p. 50-51) However, if this foundation is missing it can cause problems, such as separation anxiety, to manifest within the child. This bond is particularly important the first two years after a child is born. Bowlby and Ainsworth stated that the nurturing and care should be provided from the child’s main care taker which is commonly the mother. (Bigner, 2014, p. 51) The attachment theory has long provided justification for understanding how the parent-child relationship functions. However, the studies being done on the relationship between the mother and child and the father and child usually take different paths. The studies on the relationship between the mother and child tend to focus on the qualitative aspects. This is the sensitivity the mother provides the child, and if the mother answers the child’s signs “in an appropriate, warm
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