Effects Of Nitrogen Base Fertilizers On Crops And Their Alternatives

1363 Words May 13th, 2016 6 Pages
Effects of Nitrogen Base Fertilizers on Crops and their Alternatives
Evelyn Lopez
Kean University

Author Note
Evelyn Lopez, Chemistry Department, Kean University
This research is based on a GE-3000 requirement, at which Evelyn Lopez is currently enrolled in.
If any Correspondence concerning this Review please contact Evelyn at the following email address: evlopez@kean.edu
Abstract
Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for plant growth, and providing the right quantities it helps crops grow faster and larger. Due to population growth nitrogen base fertilizers are being used around the world. Even though the use of such fertilizers helps with crop production, the excessive use of them contributes to the greenhouse effect and global
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Global Warming and the greenhouse gas emission are some of the biggest problems society faces today. When farmers use highly concentrated nitrogen fertilizers, much of the nitrogen is being converted to gasses through the nitrogen cycle. The emission of these gasses is one of the main causes of climate change, especially in the formation of N2O. Climate change is usually associated with the accumulation of CO2, mainly produced by human activity but N2O is recognized as a potent greenhouse gas with 298 times higher global warming potential than CO2 (Wang et al., 2016).
Nitrogen base fertilizers are used around the world and usually contain large amounts of nitrogen. This excess nitrogen is responsible for soil degradation, groundwater pollution emission of ammonia and greenhouse gasses (Geng et al., 2015). The problem lies in being able to produce crops at an effective rate and also being able to reduce the negative effects that nitrogen has in the environment. This paper examines different researches already done on the effect that nitrogen base fertilizers has on crops and the alternatives to the common used fertilizers.

Literature Review
Rice one of the main components in the cuisine for more than half of the world’s population, so the demand for it is constantly increasing. In Wang et al.‘s (2016) article different fertilizers with diverse nitrogen concentrations and components were testes on rice plantations in
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