Effects Of Oral On Athletic Performance And Health

1829 WordsNov 20, 20148 Pages
The Effect of Oral ATP Supplements on Athletic Performance and Health Abstract During the past 20 years, the nutritional supplement creatine monohydrate has continuously gained popularity and recognition as a successful nutritional strategy to gain muscle mass and strength. Countless studies have been conducted to observe the effects of creatine supplementation on physical performance of individuals, along with its effect on the health of the tested individuals. These studies have found that creatine supplementation does indeed have a beneficial effect on physical performance by increasing strength and muscle mass, while not providing any serious health concerns to those who consume it. Literature Review Over the past 20 years, the nutritional supplement creatine monohydrate has been gaining immense popularity, with documented sales from $50 million in 1996 (Bamberger, 1998) to over $400 million during 2001 (Metzl et al., 2001). Creatine supplementation first started to gain popularity after Olympic athletes from the Barcelona Olympic Games believed that their performance had benefited from taking creatine supplements (Anderson, 1993). Since then, creatine has become one of the most widely utilized nutritional supplements worldwide (Williams et al., 1999). A reason for this may be that creatine is not banned by the National Collegiate Athlete Association (NCAA) or the International Olympic Committee. However, NCAA coaches are not allowed to provide creatine for their

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