Effects Of Postnatal Depression On Mothers, Families, And Infants

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Introduction: Pregnancy and postpartum are considered as high risk periods for the emergence of psychiatric disorders. Postnatal depression (PND) is one of the most common psychopathology in these phases. PND describes non-psychotic depressive episodes, with loss of interest, insomnia, and loss of energy experienced by mothers within the period of 4 to 6 weeks after delivery [1]. A wide range of PND prevalence (10-42%) has been reported across the globe [2-11]. It is considered a serious public health issue because of its devastating effects on mothers, families, and infants or children [12]. Accurate estimates of PND prevalence are difficult to obtain as cultural norms may affect women’s reporting of their symptoms and…show more content…
The studied hospital is attached to a rural medical college recognized by Medical Council of India with teaching facility for both under and post graduates in obstetrics and gynecology. It caters to the need of nearby villages and talukas and linked with many government health programmes for the benefit of rural poor.

The total population of Mandya district is 1.92 million. Situated in southern part of Karnataka state, it is a prominent agricultural district blessed with the irrigation waters of river Cauvery and Hemavathi [18]. More than half of the population is involved in agriculture. Most of the industries that are run in the district depend on agriculture for their raw material. Sugar Mills, Jaggery making units, Rice Mills are the prominent industries of this district [18].

Study design and sample
Cross sectional study design was adopted to accomplish the study objective. All the women who came for postnatal follow up to studied hospital from June to July 2012 formed the sampling frame. We decided to study at least 96 postnatal mothers based on minimum estimated PND prevalence of 10% with 6% precision, 95% confidence level [19]. All the women who came for follow up from 4th to 10th week of postnatal period from June to Nov 2012 were included. Women with acute severe illness or cognitive impairment or not willing to consent for voluntary participation were excluded. In a day maximum of two postnatal women, satisfying inclusion and
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