Effects Of Poverty In Developing Countries

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Poverty is believed to be a global phenomenon and it is caused by lack of resources, war and political conflicts, natural disasters and inheritance of poverty in a country. Social discrimination is one of the many causes of poverty in developing countries. It does not only cause but also act as a hurdle in alleviating poverty. According to Pernia and Quibria (1999), poverty has many dimensions other than income or consumption. Among the other dimensions are health, nutrition, education and gender equality. UNIFEM (2000) also proclaimed that an alternative approach is used to define poverty such as lack of assets, dignity, autonomy and time apart from being elucidated as shortcomings in consumption or income. Therefore, the three effects of social discrimination that contributes to poverty in developing countries that this essay would discuss on are gender inequalities in education, gender variabilities in work force and racial background disparities. Racial background hereby means ethnicity which is categorized based on a group of people with similar traits for instance common heritage, language, cultural similarities within the group, sometimes the geographical connection to a specific place, common food and even faith (Christian, E 2017).

The first effect of social discrimination that leads to poverty in developing countries is the gender inequalities in receiving education. Women are more prone to poverty because of the inequalities in the distribution of proper
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