Effects Of Stereotype Threat On Women 's Performance

1592 Words Oct 13th, 2015 7 Pages
Alleviating The Effects of Stereotype Threat in Women’s Performance in STEM Tasks Stereotyping is a way for individuals to associate a group concept with a specified attribute. The association between two unrelated concepts can become linked via a third concept (e.g. the self). Drawn from this, there are two types of stereotypes, that is, implicit stereotypes and explicit stereotypes. Implicit stereotypes are linked to automatic thinking in the cognitive process, as individuals are not consciously aware of these thoughts and judgements. Explicit stereotypes are associated with the controlled thinking process in the brain, as they are expressed from past experiences and judgements (Payne, 2006).
From this, Steele and Aronson’s (1995) created the model of stereotype threat, which refers to a stereotyped individual in a group, that will constrain behaviour and perform poorly due to their perceived stereotypic group deficiencies. Steele and Aronson (1995) created a study to test stereotype threat between African American’s and white students performance on an intellectual ability test. Half of both races were put into one group and were told they were being tested on their intellectual ability, while the other group was told they were administering the test itself with no measure of intellectual ability. The results supported the stereotype threat model, as the African-American students in the first group did not perform as well as the white students in the non-administering…
Open Document