Effects Of The Conquest Of Mexico

Decent Essays
The Conquest of Mexico And Epidemics
The Aztec and Central American (Mesoamerican) indigenous civilizations were onlookers to one of the worst demographic catastrophes in history seeing citizen deficits of almost ninety percent, down to one million residents almost one century after conquest (Marr and Kiracoffe 2000). These demographic disasters were in the form of disease outbreaks of New and Old World commencement and a consequence of and crucial contributing components to the accomplishment of the Spanish annihilation of the region. As Spaniards infiltrated the region, introducing new cultural, political and socioeconomic practices, the indigenous peoples found themselves subordinated and severely weakened by plagues caused by the growing Spanish population and the unknown climatic factors of the period and unable to resist to Spanish dominance. The epidemics that ravaged the Mexican indigenous populations in the sixteenth century ensured the success of the Spanish Conquest forever altering the face of Mexican history, demography, and culture.
Historically, the epidemics that decimated the indigenous population permanently altered the trajectory of Mexican society. Pre-Conquest Mexican society was well developed, arguably more so than Spanish society: Mexico was clean: wastes were hauled away by barge and composted for fertilizer; a thousand men swept and washed the streets each day…Most of Mexico’s streets were canals, laid out on a grid still followed by the modern
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