Effects Of The First World War On Society

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The effects of the first world war on humanity are indisputable in the context of historical documents. However, what can be easily disputed more than anything are the direct causes of the war. It has been debated among scholars as to whether the reasons for the war were institutional or by a select few powerful individuals. There are historians who write about the shared blame among Western European countries such as Christopher Clark in The Sleepwalkers. On the contrary, there are many historians who would place the blame for the war on Germany for varying reasons. In The Kaiser and His Court, John Rohl argues that monarchy and religion in Germany helped to spawn the first world war. His reasoning shows that Germany had a right to expand their power by handing Austria-Hungary a “blank check” to go to war against Russia and that the ultimatum was hastily offered to Serbia to protect Germany’s political interests. This paper argues that Germany had the largest role in initiating World War I because it took a separate path from the rest of Europe during the twentieth century. The points to be discussed include why Germany introduced the “blank check’ document, the motives behind the Serbian ultimatum, and the overall religious and political ideologies which led to the outbreak of the war. The reasoning behind Germany handing Austria-Hungary the blank check can be debated, but it is most likely because of the political views of Wilhelm II. The assassination of Archduke Franz

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