Effects Of The Peloponnesian War

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The Peloponnesian War: Overview, Outcome, and Effects

The Peloponnesian War was a series of battles that were fought between 431-401 B.C.E. Its two conflicting forces were the Peloponnesian League, which was headed by the city-state Sparta, and the Delian League, which was headed city-state of Athens. The war separated and disconnected the poleis of ancient Greece, and other negative aspects of war were highlighted by Thucydides, who writes of the war and states, “think, too, of the great part that is played by the unpredictable in war: think of it now, before you are actually committed to war. The longer a war lasts, the more things tend to depend on accidents. Neither you nor we can see into them: we have to abide their outcome in the dark.
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Thucydides suggests that this power was the underlying cause of the war. As a result, the Peloponnesian War began in 431 B.C.E. when Sparta and the other city-states of the Peloponnesian League declared war on Athens after it tried to interfere with a Corinthian colony’s actions. There were several differences in the militaries of Sparta and Athens. The participants in Sparta’s military were trained throughout their whole lives for the sole purpose of battle. Sparta featured a strong year-round army of hoplites that was adept at fighting on land. Most Athenian citizens, however, were not soldiers, but the navy of Athens was…show more content…
The large amount of fatalities in Athens caused the Athenian military to be greatly outnumbered by the forces of the Peloponnesian League. This series of defeats, both on land and at sea, eventually led to Sparta’s victory in a final battle in 405 B.C.E., which was located near Hellespont. Sparta required Athens to give up their battleships and naval forces, surrender their city and territories to Spartan rule and monitoring, and allow their walls leading to the port at Piraeus to be knocked down. The dominance of Sparta in ancient Greece was now clearly
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