Effects Of The Reconstruction Era

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The Reconstruction era was the period that followed the end of the Civil War whose purpose was to reconstruct the United States. This was done to help rebuild the South and bring it back into the Union. The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments gave African Americans some civil liberties, they prohibited slavery, gave national citizenship for every person that was born in the United States, and voting rights can not be denied because of their race or color. Looking at this era, I will discuss how it affected the society of the Americans, the economy and the laws that were passed. Although the Reconstruction Era tried to help from the end of the Civil War into the early twentieth-century it resulted a failure to establish the civil rights for the African Americans.
The Americans in the South felt humiliated and were against the decision of the government to give certain rights given to the African Americans. For this reason, many whites joined some groups who were against the freed slaves such as the Ku Klux Klan. The Ku Klux Klan was a political terrorist group whose purpose was to intimidate the black Americans after the 15th amendment was ratified and they were given the right to vote. “The Klan had just appeared there in 1868, using intimidation, arson, whippings, sexual assault, and murder to keep potential Republican voters away from the polls in that year’s election” (Political Terrorism during Reconstruction, 1). This shows the actions that this social group took to terrorize the Black Americans to avoid their participation in the elections. In April 1865, before his assassination Abraham Lincoln declared that he had hope that there would be no “bloody work” after the war, but most of it “visited upon the freedman as Northerners and Southerners-black and white- struggled over … the place of African Americans in American society (The Meaning of Reconstruction, 302). The Americans in the South were not happy with the integration of the African Americans to their society.
After all the damage that was left over from the war, the goal of the Reconstruction Era was to bring the economy of the South back to how it was before the war started. The 13th amendment prohibited slavery, so after this amendment was
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