Effects Of Urban Areas On The Environment Essay

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Introduction
We live in a time where most environments on earth have been impacted by anthropogenic activities. According to Napton et al (2010), “Human activities have become the dominant force shaping the surface of the earth, increasingly overriding natural changes by altering the topography, modifying the quality and quantity of surface water and groundwater, reducing biodiversity, and changing biogeochemical systems” (para. 1). These anthropogenic activities can have detrimental effects on the environment: mass amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, deforestation, groundwater pollution and depletion, draining of wetlands, increased stormwater runoff, surface runoff, and so forth. Anthropogenic activities indeed influence most environments on earth, but it is still possible to identify healthy, natural characteristics to encourage restoration, remediation, and mitigation efforts.
Although beneficial in many ways, urban areas can have negative impacts on the environment because of the spatial concentration of anthropogenic processes, among other things. Indeed, there are many anthropogenic factors associated with urban areas that could detrimentally impact the local environment: impervious surfaces, lack of vegetation, rerouting of stormwater runoff, and so forth. An increase in urban development and anthropogenic activities correlates with a growing global population. Simply put, as the global population increases, so does the proportion of people in cities (Davis
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