Effects Of World War One On Europe

2073 Words9 Pages
Kegan Navarre Mrs.Martinez ELA IV 4th Hour May 2, 2016 The Effects of World War One on Europe In the early twentieth century, the most powerful nations in the world were preparing for war with a heightened sense of national pride. Germany, eager to go to war, created arguably the greatest military in the world at the time. This heightened militarism in Germany had two major reactions from other world powers. The first was to build up their respective militaries in order to prepare for a war if it became necessary. The second was to create a system of alliances in case they were attacked. The series of alliances led to the formation of two powerful groups. The first was known as the “Central Powers” consisting of Germany, Bulgaria, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. The second was the “Allied Powers” which included England, France, Russia, and Italy. Then on June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip. After the assassination, Austria- Hungary declared war on Serbia. The series of alliances created prior to the assassination led to many European countries declaring war on one another in order to protect their allies. Because of imperialism of Africa in the ninteenth century and a growing US involvement in European affairs, the war spread throughout the entire world. The Great War, later named World War One would go on for four long years with roughly twenty million casualties before a cease fire in 1918. On June 28, 1919
Open Document