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Effects Of Xenophobia In Hungary

Decent Essays
The root of this continuing and constantly high level of xenophobia can be found in the country’s historical legacy. As Pál Nyíri (2003) points out when talking about the possible systemic sources of xenophobia in the country, xenophobia can have economic and cultural factors, where economic the historical factors refer to previous incidents ethnic or religious conflicts (p. 30). Neményi and Takács’s (2005) findings relate to this idea: in their study they found that historical experiences can have an influencing effect on the extent of xenophobia (p. 51).
From a historic point of view these theories are supported in the case of Hungary, as the country has experienced being taken over by other nations more than one time, which can explain the current fear of being occupied and the authority being taken out of Hungarian hands again. The most important and longest of these occupations were the Ottoman occupation that lasted 150 years and the Soviet occupation that lasted nearly 50 years. These invasions are particularly important because the former brought on the first big change of demographics in the country, and the latter due to the strong influence it still has on the political system.
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9). With Hungary’s history, even the quite recent one being rich of experiences of foreign subjugation, this is especially important in this case of refugees, where the portrayal of Brussels is crucial in the governmental propaganda. As it was already mentioned, during the 150 years of Ottoman invasion for the first time Hungary faced serious demographic changes, and the ethnic map of the country transformed
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