REMIEDIATING AGRICULTURAL WATER CONTAMINATION Remediating Agricultural Water Contamination: Problem, Solution, and Barriers Paper Problem Concerns about water pollution are generally focused towards sources that are highly visible and chemically oriented. However, the greatest causes of water contamination and quantity abuse in the United States come from agricultural production (United States Environmental Protection Agency [EPA], 2012a), which is defined as a nonpoint source that pollutes with nutrients. In 2011, nine
The principal material inputs into the agricultural industry include water, fertilizer, and fuel. A significant
There are many types of agriculture around me. I live in Arkansas where agriculture is the largest industry, adding around $ 16 billion to the stateś economy annually. Some of the largest agricultural products I see around me are soybeans, cotton, timber, and grain.
Many see agriculture as growing food and feeding cows, but to me that is only the picture of it. Agriculture is full of men, women, and children, who have learned and are being taught the principle of hard work. By growing crops and raising animals, I have begun to learn and apply that principle.
Even though we are only conducting a small scale sustainable agriculture on campus, we wish to achieve the goals for sustainable farming. We want to be sufficiently productive, while using resources efficiently and minimize undesired and unnecessary waste. Moreover, we want to be resilient and adaptable to any changing conditions such as weather, water shortage, and labor availability. Therefore, the main goal of our project is to maximize production with limited resources and
The ecosystem of the Mississippi River has deteriorated due to the exploitation of the land surrounding the river, the Mississippi River Basin, for agricultural large-scale agricultural use or agribusiness. One of the most significant contributors to the degradation of the river’s ecosystem is the utilization of synthetic fertilizers. Synthetic fertilizers were an important component of the Green Revolution, a major transformation in the way food was produced worldwide. These fertilizers applied to crops in this region, eventually runoff and find their way into the Mississippi, where their effects on the water quality and ecosystem are substantial, the most notable of which, is eutrophication. Eutrophication is a naturally occurring process but humans have affected this process at unprecedented levels. Anthropogenic contributions to eutrophication mainly include sewage and agricultural runoff (Lund, 372). This paper focuses on the agricultural runoff aspect of water pollution and
Farming is one of the most important activity going on in the world. Farming is a primary industry and primary industries are the jobs that supply the bare items like; Corn , wheat , coal , water , wood and many more. A farm is a large piece of land where farmers work on the land to plant and then harvest the bare resources.
Agriculture is a way by which people cultivate soil for a certain purpose, most often for growing crops. Almost all ancient cultures relied on agriculture as a large part of their diets. However, agriculture does not only grow food, but also materials such as cotton that people can use. People continue to practice agriculture to grow crops to this day. Some of the most popular crops that are cultivated include rice, sorghum, cotton, wheat, hay, soybeans, and corn. Due to these large volumes of produce, the U.S. Government has a Department of Agriculture division to set rules and regulations for crops, ensuring customer safety.
Agricultural production undoubtedly forms the backbone of any nation, through provision of food and raw materials to many industries. However, agricultural practices have direct relationship with water quality. Improperly managed agricultural practices have specifically affected the surface water in lakes, rivers, and other water sources. This has been possible through the increased use of farming chemicals such as pesticides, sediments, contamination by soil nutrients, or even alteration of stream flow. These practices have been more pronounced in horticultural farming, where the increased demand for horticultural products has called for modernized farming practices of using chemical farming (Stefanelli, Goodwin, & Jones, 2010). In addition, use of fertilizers and pesticides, increased tillage practices, irrigation activities, and poor drainage structures have significantly affected quality of water and hydrology.
Agriculture was a cornerstone of human civilization since the beginnings of organized societies. Therefore, the ability to increase the health and yield of crops was always of great interest to civilizations universally. Chemistry can be a great tool in the field of agriculture as is exemplified by the use of fertilizers in modern farming
Have enough food for feeding human around the world leads to the increase of domestic animal product requirement. Ways to gain a vast quantity of product is reducing and preventing factors that cause animal death. Disease is a main challenging problem for agriculturist or producer.
A farmer is a person who owns a farm and or takes care of it . Farmers normally perform two kinds of professional activities: one is related with animals and the other with plants. The first one includes all the process of breeding livestock, such as cattle, sheep, pig and goats. On the other hand we have the work of agriculture; it consists on the growing of different kinds of plants for human or animal consumption and products used for the development of human life. Nowadays these two activities can be performed separately, and that is why this article is going to be focused only on the
The definition of precision agriculture is still evolving as technology changes and our understanding of what is achievable grows. “Over the years, the emphasis has changed from simply farming by soil’’ (Buchan), through variable-rate technologies, to vehicle guidance systems and will evolve to product quality and environmental management. An important effect of precision farming is the high environmental benefit from using chemical and fertilization treatments only when and where they are necessary. These promotions of environmental stewardship are key components for the new approaches in agriculture. Precision agriculture is most often thought of as a method of farm management that uses advanced technology to allow the farmer to produce more efficiently, thereby realizing gains through economical use of resources.